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25 September 2021


 Background on Rice Fortification under MDM in Gujarat Background Gujarat is one of the most urbanized states in the country and the state is witnessing rapid economic growth.  Nevertheless, the state is facing the challenges of malnutrition and anemia.  According to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5), the prevalence of anemia in children aged 6 to 8 months in Gujarat is 7.5%, in pregnant women it is 3% and in women in the reproductive age group of 18 to 6 years.  The three main methods used to eliminate micronutrient malnutrition are micronutrient supplementation, food fortification and promotion of dietary diversity.  Food fortification Food fortification is the addition of vitamins and minerals to staple foods such as rice, wheat, salt, oil, milk to prevent micronutrient deficiencies.  Food fortification is an effective strategy for delivering large amounts of key micronutrients.  Fotification is considered a successful strategy because frequently taken foods (such as salt, wheat, rice, etc.) can be made more nutritious without changing the consumer's eating habits, depending on them.  Fortified Rice as a Possible Strategy to Eliminate Anemia Since April 1, 2021, the Government of India has made the use of Fortified Rice mandatory under Lunch (MDM) in all districts of Gujarat (letter from FCI and Government of Gujarat).  Rice fortification is the process of increasing the essential micronutrients in rice to improve the nutritional quality of the food and benefit the health with minimal risk.  There is scientific evidence of the effectiveness of fortified rice as a strategy to improve iron stores in the body.  In Gujarat, in the year 2016-17, a study was conducted on 6 children aged 6-12 years who were part of the mid-day meal system, which showed that the average hemoglobin increased by 0.4 g / dl and the prevalence of anemia decreased by 10%].  Fortification of rice can help eliminate anemia where rice is the staple food.


Common micronutrients used in rice fattening A. Iron Iron deficiency anemia occurs when there is insufficient amount of iron in the body to form red blood cells.  Most of the symptoms of iron deficiency are the result associated with anemia and can include fatigue, palpitations, panic and shortness of breath when working.  Iron deficiency impairs physical functioning in many ways.  The ability to maintain a normal body temperature during cold weather is also impaired in individuals with iron deficiency.  Acute iron deficiency anemia causes nails to become brittle and spoon-shaped, resulting in sores on the corners of the mouth, loss of taste, and on the tongue.  Anemia No Nine Nine New Leaves I Number of Red Blood Cells Number of Red Blood Cells in Anesthesia Recognized Mannequin Date Signs of Anemia: Tongue, Eyes, Palms, Nails Fade Tongue Tongues Choose foods with iron  Is done as an approach.

Rice shaped grains (also known as fortified rice kernels - FRK) are made from rice flour, vitamins and minerals and look like polished raw rice or plain rice grains in size and shape.  These fortified grains retain nutrients even after cleaning, washing and cooking.  There may be slight changes in its color and shape which helps to identify and ensure that the rice is fortified in the right amount.  This dish made from fortified rice does not change the color of any dish made from boiled rice, pilaf, biryani, rice.  References:

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